As indicated in the analysis of economic performance, the Country has had various challenges both internally as well as externally. Internally, the challenge has been renewal of economic growth which had slowed down drastically to 1.7 % in 2008. In the 1990s, creation of conducive environment for investment, stable macro-economic policies and good governance including restoration of security all over the Country were all priorities for restoration of economic growth.
In view of the above, the Government in year 2003 adopted the ERS which was anchored on four (4) pillars namely: -
Restoration of Economic Growth within the context of a stable macro-economic framework.Rehabilitation and Expansion of the Infrastructure.Equity and Poverty Reduction.Improving Governance.
During the ERS period (2003-2007), significance progress was made which resulted to a rapid economic growth. The intention of the Government is not only to accelerate this growth to an average of 10% per annum, but also to sustain it over the Vision 2030 MTP (2008-2012) period.
This Vision is based on three pillars namely Social, Economic and Political Pillars.
Infrastructure Goals under the MTP (2008-2012)
As mentioned in 3.1 above, the Government will aim at maintaining 10% growth rate per annum over the plan period (2008-2012). This will be achieved through investment in tourism, agriculture, manufacturing, wholesale and retail trade, Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) and financial services.
The Vision of the infrastructure sector under the MTP period will be "to provide cost effective world-class infrastructure facilities and services in support of Vision 2030".
Apart from infrastructure being identified as a necessity in improving the living conditions of both farming and pastoralists' communities, it is also necessary for improving security. Infrastructure will also contribute significantly to the reduction of cost of doing business.
Vision 2030 has therefore identified a number of goals in infrastructure to be achieved through MTP by year 2030.
These include: -
- Accelerating on-going infrastructure development by focusing on quality and functionality.
- Building Infrastructure in support of identified flagship projects which contribute to social equity and economic goals.
- Improving efficiency and effectiveness of infrastructure at all levels of planning, contracting and constructing.
The Government has put more emphasis on infrastructure development; a number of strategies will be employed to improve the available infrastructure facilities to maximize economic and social goals.
Some of the strategies to be pursued include: -
- Strengthening the existing framework and accelerating the speed of implementation. This will also include raising efficiency and quality.Enhancing local content of identified projects.Support identified flagship projects.Benchmarking infrastructure facilities with globally accepted standards.
- Targeting projects in otherwise neglected areas to increase connectivity and stimulate economic activities.
- Enhancing Private Sector participation in provision of infrastructure facilities and services strategically complimented by Public Sector Interventions.
- Infrastructure Financing through Capital Markets-The government has expressed its intention to increase private sector participation in the provision of infrastructure services to rehabilitate the national infrastructure. It wishes to do so in order to lower the costs of doing business in Kenya, provide affordable & efficient modes of transport for Kenya and increase overall living standards. The 2006/2007 Finance Act provides for enhanced capacity of the domestic bond markets in the provision of long term funding for infrastructure projects. This is being attained by using long-term bonds to finance infrastructure projects. The infrastructure sector has been identified as one of the beneficiaries from this venture due to the important role quality infrastructure plays in national development. The domestic bond market will enable the Government to source for funds domestically to finance rehabilitation of the national infrastructure.